Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) means any process designed to resolve a legal dispute in the place of court adjudication. ADR includes:
Case evaluation under MCR 2.403
Domestic relations mediation under MCR 3.216
Mediation under MCR 2.411
Procedures provided by local court rule or ordered on stipulation of the parties; e.g. arbitration, summary jury trial
Settlement conferences ordered under MCR 2.401
All civil cases are subject to ADR processes unless otherwise provided by statute or court rule.
The Court relies upon mediation as an alternative dispute resolution process because mediation enables the Court to streamline its docket by enabling people to take advantage of this timely and affordable alternative to the litigation process. Through mediation, people are empowered to control the outcome of their disputes.
Facilitative mediation is an alternative dispute resolution process in which a neutral third party facilitates confidential communication between the parties in an attempt to help them reach a mutually agreeable resolution.